53: Who was the acting cause in the resurrection of the Mediator?
Generally and preferably it is attributed to God as the one who fashions it: Romans 6:4, “Christ has been raised form the dead through the glory of the Father”; Acts 13:30, “God has raised Him from the dead.” According to Ephesians 1:19-20, sinners must be born again by the same strength of divine power that He wrought in Christ when He raised Him from the dead. This agrees fully with the meaning of the concept. As a declarative justifying act, it must be an act of God the Father, who maintains the violated law and proclaims the restored law.
Since, however, the human spirit of Christ, filled with new power of life, acted on His body to reassume it as His instrument, and since it was the power of His own life as Mediator that set the body in motion and caused it to rise, so the resurrection can just as well be viewed as a work of Christ. He said, “Tear this temple down and in three days I will build it up again” (John 2:19); “I have power to lay it down (namely, life) and to take it up again” (John 10:10).
Finally, if the Holy Spirit works life everywhere and calls it out, both in the sphere of creation as well as in that of re-creation, and insofar as He has poured out the fullness of eternal life into the human nature, the Third person of the divine Trinity can also appear as the cause of the resurrection. Romans 8:11 includes, at least by implication, that the Father has brought about the resurrection of the Mediator through the Spirit.
In all their external works, the three persons act together. And the work of the resurrection finds a parallel int he act of the incarnation, in which the same conjoint working of the divine persons manifests itself.
- Geerhardus, Vos. (2014) Reformed Dogmatics. Bellingham, WA 98225: Lexham Press.